Started since October, two students (Visal, Vuthy) and a facilitator (Cindy) from the Liger Leadership Academy received an opportunity from the director of International Labor Organization (ILO) in South-East Asia (Bodwell Charles) to create a wire-frame of an online business learning application for him to enter the app development competition. The opportunity was introduced two days before the competition dateline. This meant that my partner and I need to work our butts off for this project.
The goal is to create an online learning app where it focuses on how to start a business and how to sustain your business. The lesson in the app is very entertaining– it has a dialog between two charactors that plan to create a business. The first lesson that we currently have on the app is “READY FOR BUSINESS: COMMUNITY-BASED ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT FOR BECOMING AN ENTREPRENEUR.”
After a while, the competition finally announced the winners, one of them is our app! By winning this competition Vuthy and I were able to collaborate with the Boston University’s students to further develop the application. So every Thursday we would have a video conference with the whole team updating what we have done. The application was implemented for Andriod operating systems only, and we used Andriod Studio as a text editor. Our roles in the application were to create the splash screen and the about page.
Generally, we have experienced using the Andriod Studio to create an Andriod app, however, because of a lack of practice, we forgot some of the methods and objects. Due to this reason, Vuthy and I struggle a little bit to work on the application, but we still can do it.
Working with university students help up to improve our ability in software development– we use Google Firebase as our database. Moreover, we also learn how to run a project successfully: how to manage each other’s role, how to run a video conference, and how to update our work to the team. We participated in this project because we know there are people out there who want to start the business and this is a really great resource for them. This app will change their life!
On Chapter 3, we earned about correlation. In this chapter, I it was a bit difficult to catch up because there are so many calculation and keywords relate into this. It is a really fun topic to learn, and see the association between two variables. We did a small project where we survey Liger students and we compare those data to see are there a correlation. It turns out that height and weigh have a high correlation.
Correlation (r) has a range from -1 to 1; when r = 1 or -1 means that two variable are really correlated but that does not means that one causing another. Correlation means that the two variable have an association; causation means that one causing another to happen, we can conclude that only if we do the experiment.
Part of our chemistry class, in term three, we learn about chemical reactions and determine bonds types. When we learned about determine bonds type, everyone in the class perceives the information quickly — because of our teacher! When it comes to chemical reaction and calculating excess reactant or limited reactant, most of us was froze. However our facilitator, Ellie, assigned us to do a lab where the product is s’mores. From that lab we need to calculate the limited reactants and the excess reactant. For me, I learn each ingredient of s’mores and I can implement it into the actual chemical. I better understand of calculating chemical reaction better than just learning it theoretically.
Problem: Given a certain quantity of marshmallows, graham crackers, and chocolate pieces, what is the maximum number of S’mores that can be made? Then figure out your percent yield!
Graham Cracker (half of a cracker)
Chocolate Piece (individual piece of chocolate)
S’more (2 crackers, 2 pieces of chocolate, 2 marshmallow)
Use the 3 different reactants and one product to write a balanced equation for the making of s’mores
2Gc + 2M + 2Cp → 1Gc2MCp2
What type of reaction would this be classified as? Both chemical and physical reaction
Record the total moles (pieces) of each reactant available at your table
(amount of halfs of Gc)(each single marshmallow)(each single chocolate piece- 12 per bar)
What is the maximum number of s’mores that your group can make? 3 s’mores
Why? The reason that we can make 3 s’mores because we got 6 mol Gc, 6 mol Cp, and 8 mol M, and for 6 mol of Cp we can only make 3 s’mores.
Which reactant/s is/are limiting? (the one/s that you will run out of first) : Gc and Cp
Which reactant/s is/are in excess (the one/s that will be left over) M
Find the mass of one of each of the individual reactants (first zero a napkin and then find the mass on top of the napkin)
Graham Cracker (Gc)- 7.9 g Marshmallow (M)- 3.8 g Chocolate Piece (Cp)- 2.9 g
(one halfs of Gc)(one single marshmallow) (one single chocolate piece)
Record the theoretical yield/mass of a S’more (Gc2M2Cp2) using your reactants (you can add them together) = 29.2 g
Make your s’mores a. Make sure that you follow the chemical reaction equation and get all of the reactants ready.
roast your marshmallows over the Bunsen burner using a skewer. And then make your finished product.
Before eating your s’more find the actual mass (yield) of your s’more
(put a napkin on the scale, zero the scale and THEN put on your smore).
The ACTUAL (experimental) mass of one s’mores: 29.0 g
Find the percent yield of your s’mores: 29.0/29.2 * 100 = 99.32 % Theoretical yield = from part 6 Actual or experiemental yield= from part 7c
percent yield= 99.32%
How did you know which reactant was limiting?
Graham Cracker and Chocolate Piece are the limiting reactants. Based on the chemical equations, to create a s’mor we need 2Gc, 2M, and 2Cp; we got only 6 Cp and 6 Gc and 8M. When we divide all reactant by 2 there’s no remaining for Gc and Cp, but remaining 2M. From the arithmetic, we can see that Gc and Cp runs out first — so they are the limiting reactant.
How did you figure out the excess reactant?
We know that Marshmello is an excess reactant because we need only 6 (based on the common factor of the limit reactants) to create 3 s’mors, but the total marshmello is 8. This leave a remaining of 2 marshmallows. Also during the experiment, we followed the chemical reaction equation and turned out that there are two marshmallow left over.
How did you figure out your theoretical yield for your product?
We weigh all of the reactants: Graham Cracker (Gc)- 7.9 g, Marshmallow (M)- 3.8 g, and Chocolate Piece (Cp)- 2.9 g. We take each reactant multiply by 2 (based on the equation) and sum it all up; we got a total of 29.2 g per s’mor.
This year of Liger we started to have a chemistry built in our essential. I found out that I do like chemistry, especially learning about the atoms. This term, we were learning the introduction of chemistry: Matters, Mole and Molar mass, Periodic Table, Atom Structure, Electron Configuration, and Valence Electron. The topic that I think it was struggling for me is the Electron Configuration. Moreover, we did a lot of experiments: Coin Density, Liquid Density, and Flame Emission.
The most interesting lab was the Flame Emission! For this experiment, we try to burn many types of salt like Copper (II) chloride, Lithium Chloride, Potassium Chloride etc. Each of these salt emits a different type of color: for Copper (II) Chloride emits cyan light. It was a really fun experiment that I ever have out of other experiments.
For my final project of the round, I did a presentation that explains to the class about the Electron Configuration. I choose this topic because it was a difficult topic to understand, so I just challenge myself to do it. It turns out that I did it very well, my classmates asked me more questions about the topic and I got 1 bonus point!
The SAT is in the 2 weeks and I still have no idea of what’s going to happens. Everyday in math class, we had about 30 minutes of class time to work on math section. I don’t think I have enough time to do it! Every students in the school require to practice out side of class time 30 minutes to 1 hour each day. SAT is not the only thing that depict us how smart we are, but for students who want to go to university at America, we need to do it!
During the summer holiday, I spent most of the time practicing the SAT and I did get some good result out of it. I know that the only way to get better is to practice; you need to practice every day! I felt better when I’m at home practicing, but when I’m in school, I don’t feel good about it because of my busy works.
To be honest, I don’t really practice SAT that much, but in the next two weeks, I will deadly practice it every single day. I know it a procrastination, but practice for 2 weeks is better than practice nothing.
We use some resources like Khan Academy, textbooks, and college board website. Those resources help me to gain confident little by little. I feel anxious about the upcoming SAT; I hope I do it well.
My first event for in this seventh year of Liger is basketball game. The Cambodian Basketball Federation hosted a FIBA 3 on 3 competition U18. The competition requires 2 boy and 2 girls in a team. I am interestin in basketball, so I brought two teams from Liger to participate in the competition. The event hosted in a stadium that looked really epic! It was a national stadium, and it appealed beautiful with the lights. I wish to play on those kinds of the field, and I did.
Before the game, there was an opening game where people with diability play basketball with each other.
The game went really well, the teams our group was really advanced. We won the first game; we were really happy with the result. It was scary to play on the field; I missed a lot of layups. In the second game, it was extremely hard, there was a guy who is a 3 pointer and he was really good at it. The result was lost! We need to win the third game in order to move to the next stage and we played with another great team who’s players are in the national team. We tried our best to compete with them but we just not good enough to beat them. And we lost again!
So we just kissed the knockout stage and went home. But at the final stage, the teams that we lost were played with each other again. It was really a powerful experience to me. I now know where am I and I learned a lot of others moves. I love this event and I hope they would host it every year!
It was my last day of the summer break, and I felt like time was running really fast! I enjoyed my last day by riding a bike to an open rice field and indulge myself with the sunset. The next day, I arrived Liger and feeling sad about seeing my parent went home. opposite of that, it was a new year, new apartment, new roommates, and new school year. I felt really ready for the first class of the year.
Guess what, we start the class with a PSAT test! It was really funny to me and it turned out that I did pretty well on it. So our first two weeks of Liger, we started with the SAT boot camp. Our exam will be in the next one month and a half. To be honest, the boot camp was really boring but we just need to face it! We learn many strategies to take the test and it was really helpful! Every student endeavored to finish the intense homework that was given — some of us would be sleepless. Moreover, in that two weeks, we took three PSAT test which is about 12 hours in total. It was really suffering and fun experience with this beginning of the year!
My life this year started, “Be the change you want to see in the world” (by Mahatma Gandhi). This quote guided me to travel through the rest of the school year at Liger. My ambition was to create positive changes to this country, Cambodia; I want to see changes, and to see Cambodia becomes an outstanding country from other nations around Southeast-Asia by the time I reach my life-retirement. From this ambition, I deemed to take agencies in my life this year. I have accomplished and dispatched in many events: engineering internship, robotics competition, took an AP computer science exam, and give Ted Talk. My next stride will be full of dust and snow, the path will be illusive I do not know what will be happen next, all I knew is Cambodia needs improvement on technology field.
It is my second year of high school, life is always occupied with works. The year began, I realized that in order, “To move the world, we must move ourselves”–Socrates. The two quotes above motivated me to build up my self-esteemed in creating positive changes to Cambodia and to myself. As the passion built up, I began my first step: summer internship.
From years to years, Cambodia takes a very big leap in its engineering field. Based on GeeksinCambodia published in 2015–a news website about technology in Cambodia–has stated that 90 percent of the population each own a mobile phone. The data clearly demonstrates that the majority of the population in Cambodia have access to technology. Our government attempt to do their best to grab its citizens attention on technology by promoting through STEM Festival, Maker Faire, and other collaborative events. These events ruffled numerous of change-agents to get involved into technology: I then knew Arrowdot.
That was when I move myself!
I spent my summer-break mainly on internship at a startup called Arrowdot. During the internship, I had experienced how the society works in Cambodia. I learned to manage my own budget, transportation, and food. It was the moment where collaboration with university students and I initiated. In the internship, it was an elusive advantageous to help the company while enhanced myself. At Arrowdot, one of the missions was to give extra class to university students. My responsibility in the internship was to setup the plan for the experiments.
That responsibility required me to be familiar with the concept and turn it into an ecstatic experiments. To be honest for some labs, it took me a bunch of time to get it done: the labs was sophisticated for me. The CEO of the company always inspirit me to try again and again even though it was difficult. These hard works that were put into each project payed-off when noticing those students was full of energetic with their lab. All of them leaved the class with smiles! However it not finished, after each session that the students finished, they required to take the exam in order to graduated from Arrowdot. I was awe that some of them admitted their knowledge to me. The students seeked for supports whenever they perplex in any subjects. From this, students can master concepts at university which lead to a higher chance to be employed.
The internship was terminated, I realized that Cambodia has many change agents in technology. That internship made me gained confidence to help my country where that led me to have a Ted Talk about Cambodian Technology.
Ted Talk believes that ideas worth spreading. Yearly, International School of Phnom Penh (ISPP) hosted a Ted Talk event, and I been hunting to be one of the speakers since 2016. Finally, I got selected to be one of the speakers in 2017. I decided to give a speech that combated the old mineset that prevent those intelligent-engineers from being successful. It was a 12 minutes talk, it included example of engineering projects that are inspirational: mind control robots, sand management system, and international robotic competition. The speech has given to about more than 150 participants and has posted in the TEDx Youtube channel.
I believed that it was a number priority to change Cambodian perspective on the engineering field since words is sharper than knife–if that works it will bring many supports in engineering field. This reflects, if majority of the Cambodia keep in mind that our technology is not as high level as other country, than it is a setback that prevents Cambodian engineers to be developed. As mentioned, it is important to first change people’s perspectives while time move on technology will be better and better.
I understand changes does not have to happen from young generations, changes can happen by anyone regardless of their age, skin color, or gender. People always contribute positive changes to the country, they did not realized that they did it because change–to me–happened from one effort of doing it, not from what one think of doing it. The two examples above were the two that I always memorised. Throughout the whole year I might contributed greater than two. Everyone should have a fidelity inside them and they should begin the journey of small actions because “Idea don’t come fully formed. They only become clear as you work on them. You just have to get started” – Mark Zuckerberg
The Mosquito Born Diseases Exploration created to help bring awareness of mosquito through writing reports. First of all, what is a mosquito-borne disease? Mosquito-borne diseases are any diseases that have mosquito act as a vector– transmit the virus from one body to another body. Malaria and Dengue Fever are a type of Zoonotic disease– a type of disease that transmitted by animal or insect to human. Malaria is one of the main cause of death around the world; dengue fever also causes sickness. The common factor between Malaria and Dengue Fever is they all transmit by mosquito.
Mosquito is a type of insects that uses nectar to feed themselves; they use blood to feed their larvae. Mosquito is a main factor in food chain, if we get ride them out, the food chain will get affected. Here is video from Ted ED about mosquito…
In Cambodia Malaria is really well cure, but for Dengue Fever is a major threat that causes kids and adults to get sick. If they don’t cure it on time, death could end up as a result. In addition, if a mosquito carries Malaria parasites, the larvae will not carry the parasites; for Dengue, if the mother has the virus, the larvae will also get that virus. During our Exploration period, it is a rainy season and our government sees a correlation of rainy season and the increase number of Dengue Fever and Malaria cases. Our team take this into an observation in our community, trying determine the potential causes of Dengue Fever. We compare the data between two villages and wrote a report of our study.
During the past 3 weeks, Sreyneag and I got invited to participate in a collaborative event at the Asia Foundation. The event was about talking to other startups who play a major role in Phnom Penh. For the first time, I felt a bit shy and did not feel comfortable to do it since everyone in the event are high-level people. From time on, I began to talk to one person, then another and another and everyone would want to come and talk to me and Sreyneag. People would ask me a lot of questions related to Liger, and I tried my best to answer all of the questions. Most of the questions was, “how do you get to learn at Liger?” To be honest this question was a bit boring to me. When I answered it, they started to ask more into it and how can I remember all of it since it was 6 years ago! Indeed, I felt awesome to talk to different people and get to know their experiences.
One important lesson that I learn about choosing the right person the work is to use the trust. Mr. Morokot was a tech person who owns a startup that now very successful said that: I higher people because I trust that person to do great things to the company and if he/she can not do it there is nothing I can do just to kick them out. That was a phenomenal lesson that I learn from Mr. Morokot!